This is a video of a 1-point perspective urban scene that I hope you will try.

Also, look at an earlier perspective with a similar theme. If the link below doesn’t work directly ,  copy-paste into the search box at upper right of webpage.

Shadbolt Center Tas Drawing Perspective Italian Village Street  (may 5 2017)


Reflections Sailboat Mirror Studies

People have asked if reflections should be longer, shorter, or the same as the actual object. The annoying answer is “It depends.” I made a little sailboat (about 3 inches high) by carving a white vinyl eraser and making a sail by cutting a credit card, painting it white and drawing a curve with a sharpie. I placed the model on a hand mirror and took some shots. I have done the same thing with toys of animals, people, etc. I like to make little quick model set-ups to study such problems, including light, shadow, etc.  As you can see, the height of the reflection depends on the angle of the object vs. the mirror surface. The same thing applies to mountains or trees along a lake edge.

1, 2 & 3 Point Perspective Basics (Single Video) TAS Shadbolt (Mar 2017)

There are many perspective videos on this site. This video is a fairly brief treatment of  1, 2, and 3 point perspective in overview. More detailed treatments, such as, cylindrical and spherical perspective can be found in the Perspective Category.


Perspective Grids

You can purchase or make grids of various kinds and use them as underlays for your perspective drawing. They break down into ‘exterior grids’ for FORMS and ‘interior grids’ for SPACES. You can google images of these to get the idea of the variety. I have used these quite a lot and they are one of the 4 major ways of doing ‘measured’ perspectives, perhaps the quickest for many projects:

1 – computer (try Sketchup),

2 – photoperspective (see the many vids on this on this site – use the Search Box),

2 – Plan Projection (also use the search Box);

3 – Underlay Grids. I plan more videos on this in future.


I worked as a draftsman long ago. One of the techniques draftsmen learn is to apply a systematic ‘hierarchy of lineweights’ to enhance and clarify their drawings. Every draftsman learns to do this. It is important because it adds clarity and a kind of richness to drawings. You can also see it at work in comic books and skilled illustration of all kinds. There are probably several different systems for deciding on lineweights.  Here is mine.  I am showing it in a very simple way, but like a lot of seemingly simple things, it adds more than you would think.

Congrats to this young woman! I am very happy for you! (Hard work to come, but just put one foot in front of the other – you’ll make it :)

Hi Tony,

I am thrilled to tell you that I am accepted to the Master of Architecture program at UBC!

I think this wouldn’t have happened without your support.

Thank you so much for your advice, good feedback and all your support.

I can’t appreciate enough.

Best Regards,  Ms JJ