Reflections Sailboat Mirror Studies

People have asked if reflections should be longer, shorter, or the same as the actual object. The annoying answer is “It depends.” I made a little sailboat (about 3 inches high) by carving a white vinyl eraser and making a sail by cutting a credit card, painting it white and drawing a curve with a sharpie. I placed the model on a hand mirror and took some shots. I have done the same thing with toys of animals, people, etc. I like to make little quick model set-ups to study such problems, including light, shadow, etc.  As you can see, the height of the reflection depends on the angle of the object vs. the mirror surface. The same thing applies to mountains or trees along a lake edge.

1, 2 & 3 Point Perspective Basics (Single Video) TAS Shadbolt (Mar 2017)

There are many perspective videos on this site. This video is a fairly brief treatment of  1, 2, and 3 point perspective in overview. More detailed treatments, such as, cylindrical and spherical perspective can be found in the Perspective Category.


Perspective Grids

You can purchase or make grids of various kinds and use them as underlays for your perspective drawing. They break down into ‘exterior grids’ for FORMS and ‘interior grids’ for SPACES. You can google images of these to get the idea of the variety. I have used these quite a lot and they are one of the 4 major ways of doing ‘measured’ perspectives, perhaps the quickest for many projects:

1 – computer (try Sketchup),

2 – photoperspective (see the many vids on this on this site – use the Search Box),

2 – Plan Projection (also use the search Box);

3 – Underlay Grids. I plan more videos on this in future.

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective for Life Drawing (5 videos) {Nov 2016}

There are two main ways of approaching the figure. They complement each other. One is OBSERVATION (Life drawing or copying reference photos). The other is CONSTRUCTION  (Using scale and proportion methods to create a figure with little or no references). The two can and should be used together for a full skillset. Both depend on  the armature of ‘gesture’ for liveliness and composition. These five videos are an introduction to useful methods of CONSTRUCTION. You can also look under the Category: “FACE AND FIGURE” for many more videos.

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective (1 of 5)  {Nov 2016}

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective (2 of 5)  {Nov 2016}

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective (3 of 5)  {Nov 2016}

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective (4 of 5)  {Nov 2016}

Faces, Scale Figures & Perspective (5 of 5)  {Nov 2016}


I worked as a draftsman long ago. One of the techniques draftsmen learn is to apply a systematic ‘hierarchy of lineweights’ to enhance and clarify their drawings. Every draftsman learns to do this. It is important because it adds clarity and a kind of richness to drawings. You can also see it at work in comic books and skilled illustration of all kinds. There are probably several different systems for deciding on lineweights.  Here is mine.  I am showing it in a very simple way, but like a lot of seemingly simple things, it adds more than you would think.

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